Early Retirement Options Trading Strategies: Succinct Guide to Financial Freedom
As more people become interested in retiring early, they are exploring various investment strategies to support their financial goals. One such approach is utilizing options trading within retirement accounts. Trading options in retirement can provide additional asset protection and diversified income streams, allowing investors to grow their wealth and achieve their early retirement objectives.
It’s important to understand that engaging in options trading involves risk and specific strategies, such as covered calls, collars, and cash-secured equity puts (CSEPs), which can help investors generate income and mitigate potential losses. Proper planning and knowledge in options trading for early retirement can lead to a more sustainable and relaxed post-work life.
- Options trading can offer additional income and risk management strategies for early retirees.
- Strategies, like covered calls, collars, and CSEPs, can be effective in retirement portfolios.
- Proper planning and financial knowledge are crucial for the success of early retirement options trading.
Understanding Early Retirement
Early retirement refers to the act of leaving one’s career before the conventional retirement age, typically around 65. To achieve this, individuals aim for financial independence, which means they have built sufficient passive income sources or savings to cover their living expenses without relying on active employment. A popular movement that advocates for this lifestyle is the FIRE (Financial Independence Retire Early) community.
Achieving early retirement involves establishing a roadmap including several elements:
- Saving and investing: Building a large enough nest egg by saving aggressively and investing wisely to retire early.
- Expense management: Reducing and controlling living expenses to make retirement cash last longer, enabling financial independence.
- Diversifying income streams: Creating passive income sources, such as rental properties or dividend-paying investments that can support one’s lifestyle during early retirement.
- Flexibility: Being adaptable to life changes and market fluctuations, as early retirees depend more on their investment portfolios and less on traditional pensions or Social Security benefits.
Individuals pursuing early retirement often follow a variety of investment strategies tailored to their unique circumstances and goals. One common approach, for example, is the Bucket Strategy. In this strategy, people divide their retirement savings into three “buckets”:
- The first bucket holds cash equal to one to two years’ worth of living expenses, meant to cover everyday costs and act as an emergency fund.
- The second bucket is dedicated to fixed-income investments, like bonds, that can provide a steady stream of income over a period of 3 to 10 years.
- The third bucket contains long-term investments like stocks or mutual funds, which offer the potential for higher returns and help protect against inflation.
The FIRE movement has various subcategories, such as Lean FIRE, Fat FIRE, and Coast FIRE, which cater to different lifestyles and financial goals. Each subcategory emphasizes different savings rates, investment approaches, and post-retirement lifestyles. However, the central theme of financial independence and early retirement remains at the heart of the movement.
While early retirement can be an exciting goal, it’s essential to create a realistic budget and plan accordingly. Pre-retirement planning plays a crucial role in ensuring individuals can maintain their desired lifestyle once they retire early. By focusing on saving, investing, and managing expenses, one can work towards achieving financial independence and early retirement on their own terms.
Retirement Accounts to Consider
When planning your early retirement, consider various types of retirement accounts to help you build wealth and create income streams. Let’s explore the most common options: 401(K), IRAs, and brokerage accounts.
A 401(K) is a tax-advantaged retirement account offered by many employers. Contributions are deducted from your paycheck before taxes, which can reduce your taxable income for the year. These contributions can grow tax-deferred until you withdraw them, typically during retirement. Employers may also offer matching contributions, which can significantly enhance your savings if you take advantage of this benefit. Key benefits of a 401(K) include:
- Tax-deferred growth
- Potential employer matching
- High annual contribution limits
Looking into IRAs
An Individual Retirement Account (IRA) allows you to save for retirement independently or in addition to your employer-sponsored 401(K). There are two main types of IRAs:
- Traditional IRA: Contributions to a traditional IRA may be tax-deductible, and earnings grow tax-deferred. You pay income taxes upon withdrawing your funds during retirement.
- Roth IRA: Contributions to a Roth IRA are made with after-tax dollars, and earnings grow tax-free. You can withdraw your contributions and earnings tax-free during retirement, provided you meet specific requirements.
IRAs have lower annual contribution limits than 401(K) plans but offer more flexibility in investment options. A few benefits of IRAs include:
- Tax advantages (deductibility and tax-free growth)
- Broader investment choices
- Potential for tax-free withdrawals (Roth IRA)
Exploring Brokerage Accounts
A brokerage account is a taxable investment account that you can open with a brokerage firm. Unlike tax-advantaged retirement accounts like 401(K)s and IRAs, brokerage accounts do not offer the same tax benefits. However, they provide flexibility for investors who want to engage in options trading strategies or diversify their investments.
With a brokerage account, you can access a wide range of investment options, including stocks, bonds, mutual funds, and ETFs, without any contribution limits or withdrawal rules. Some advantages of brokerage accounts include:
- No contribution limits
- No withdrawal restrictions
- Access to various investment options, including options trading
In summary, investing in 401(K) plans, IRAs, and brokerage accounts can help you create a comprehensive early retirement strategy. Consider the tax advantages, investment options, and flexibility each account offers to make the best decision for your unique situation.
Trading Strategies for Early Retirement
Diversification and Asset Allocation
In order to achieve early retirement, it is crucial to have a well-diversified portfolio, including various types of assets such as stocks, bonds, and other investment vehicles. Diversification helps to minimize risks and enhance the potential for long-term growth. A strong asset allocation strategy requires balancing investments in different sectors, countries, and asset classes. This approach can help reduce the potential impact of market fluctuations on the retirement portfolio.
One possible asset allocation strategy is the 60/40 rule, where 60% of the investment portfolio is allocated to stocks, and 40% to bonds. This mix aims to provide both growth (from stocks) and stability (from bonds). However, the specific allocation strategy will vary depending on an individual’s risk tolerance, age, and financial goals. Early retirees might consider a more aggressive allocation toward stocks for higher long-term returns, with a gradual shift toward bonds as they approach retirement.
Growth Vs. Dividend Investing
Two common strategies for building wealth and achieving early retirement are growth investing and dividend investing.
Growth investing focuses on investing in companies with high potential for sustained expansion, such as technology or emerging market firms. As these companies grow, so does the value of their stocks, leading to capital appreciation for investors. This strategy aims at maximizing long-term gains, but it also involves a higher level of risk compared to more conservative investments.
On the other hand, dividend investing centers on income-generating stocks that consistently pay out dividends to shareholders. This approach offers the advantage of steady cash flow, which may be reinvested or used to cover living expenses during early retirement. Dividend investors often seek out established companies in stable industries for their reliable payouts.
Both growth and dividend investing have their merits when pursuing early retirement. A balanced approach, incorporating both strategies, may provide a solid foundation for growing wealth while minimizing risks. Allocating a proportion of the portfolio to growth-oriented investments and another to dividend-paying stocks can help strike the right balance for an early retiree’s financial goals.
Retirement Savings and Spending
When planning for early retirement, it is crucial to create a realistic budget that takes into account your retirement savings and spending habits. This includes evaluating your current financial situation and determining how much of your savings you need to allocate for monthly living expenses. Establishing a clear spending plan ensures that your retirement savings will last throughout your retirement years.
As part of your financial plan, you should consider the types of investment strategies that will generate steady income and ensure the growth of your retirement savings. One such approach is income investing, which focuses on purchasing securities that produce cash income with little-to-no capital appreciation. This strategy can help maintain a consistent source of income in retirement.
However, it’s equally essential to remain flexible with your budget and reevaluate your spending habits frequently. This will allow you to adjust and adapt to any changes in your financial situation or unexpected expenses, ensuring your retirement savings remain sustainable.
To effectively monitor retirement savings and spending, consider using these tools and techniques:
- Track your expenses: Keep a record of your monthly spending, which will help identify areas where you can cut costs and potentially save more.
- Categorize your spending: Divide your expenses into fixed and discretionary categories. This will allow you to prioritize essential spending and allocate extra funds to savings or investments.
- Regularly review your financial plan: Take the time, at least annually, to reevaluate your financial plan and adjust your budget accordingly. Updating your plan helps ensure you’re on track to meet your early retirement goals.
By managing your retirement savings and spending, you’re ensuring financial security during your retirement years and creating a solid foundation for enjoying a fulfilling, stress-free early retirement.
Handling Taxes and Social Security
Optimizing Tax Strategy
When considering early retirement options trading strategies, it is crucial to optimize your tax strategy. This involves minimizing tax liability while maximizing tax-advantaged investment vehicles. One way to achieve this is by contributing to retirement accounts such as 401(k), IRA, or Roth IRA. These accounts offer tax benefits by either deferring taxes or allowing tax-free growth. For instance, 401(k) and traditional IRA contributions are tax-deductible, while the Roth IRA grows tax-free.
Another optimization technique is to utilize long-term capital gains tax rates. When holding investments for more than one year, any gains are taxed lower than short-term rates. This can result in significant tax savings.
It’s also helpful to strategically harvest tax losses by selling underperforming investments and offsetting gains with losses. This method, known as tax-loss harvesting, can help reduce taxable income.
Leveraging Social Security Benefits
In addition to optimizing tax strategy, leveraging Social Security benefits is another essential aspect of trading early retirement options. Understanding the rules of Social Security benefits when planning early retirement is critical. Generally, Social Security retirement benefits are available from ages 62 to 70.
Delaying the collection of social security benefits until full retirement age can increase your monthly benefit amount significantly. However, suppose you plan to retire early and invest your Social Security payments. In that case, claiming your benefits before and supporting them to grow your retirement fund may be more advantageous.
By carefully considering tax-efficient investment strategies and leveraging Social Security benefits, you can better prepare for early retirement. It’s essential to thoroughly analyze these factors when devising a solid early retirement options trading strategy, ensuring financial stability throughout your retirement years.
Healthcare Considerations for Early Retirees
When planning for early retirement, it’s crucial to consider your healthcare needs and your options. After all, healthcare expenses can be significant and are often underestimated by early retirees. This section will explore various healthcare coverage options, including health insurance, Medicare, and Health Savings Accounts (HSAs).
Health insurance is vital in covering medical expenses before you become eligible for Medicare at 65. Early retirees can choose from several options: group employee health insurance, the Affordable Care Act (ACA), individual or family plans, and COBRA coverage. Remember that premiums and out-of-pocket expenses may vary depending on the chosen plan and the individual’s health status.
A common approach for early retirees who are not yet 65 is to continue active coverage until they become eligible for Medicare. While this option can be more familiar and easier to understand, it may also mean higher participation rates and costs.
Medicare provides health coverage to individuals aged 65 and above, but you should know the different parts and associated costs. There are Part A (hospital insurance), Part B (medical insurance), Part D (prescription drug coverage), and Medicare Advantage (Part C) plans. You may also need to purchase supplementary coverage, known as Medigap, to cover certain out-of-pocket expenses not covered by the original Medicare program.
In contrast, Medicaid is a state and federal program providing health coverage to specific low-income individuals, disabled persons, and seniors. Eligibility and benefits may vary depending on the state you reside in.
One strategy for managing healthcare expenses in early retirement is to utilize a Health Savings Account (HSA). An HSA is a tax-advantaged account designed for individuals with high-deductible health plans. With an HSA, you can contribute funds, invest them tax-free, and use the accumulated money for qualified medical expenses. This approach can be precious for early retirees looking to bridge the gap between their retirement date and Medicare eligibility.
Understanding your healthcare needs, coverage options, and potential expenses is paramount when planning for early retirement. By exploring options such as health insurance, Medicare, and HSAs, you can create a strategy ensuring comprehensive healthcare coverage throughout your retirement years.
Handling Debt and Managing Risk
Before diving into early retirement options trading strategies, it is crucial to be debt-free. Eliminating debt, such as credit card, student loan, or mortgage debt, will allow investors to focus on growing their investment portfolios rather than becoming burdened by mounting interest charges. By living within one’s means, saving diligently, and paying off debts strategically, individuals prepare themselves for a more secure financial future.
Risk Mitigation Strategies
Trading options can be an effective way to enhance investment performance. However, there are inherent risks involved. It is essential to employ risk mitigation strategies to navigate early retirement options trading strategies successfully.
- Diversification: Avoid putting all your eggs in one basket. Instead, invest in a mix of assets, including stocks, bonds, and mutual funds, to reduce the overall portfolio risk. Having a well-diversified portfolio can help in managing risk and strategy.
- Long-term outlook: Focus on long-term growth and avoid getting swayed by short-term market fluctuations. Adopting a buy-and-hold approach can help tackle the trade-offs associated with options strategies.
- Insurance: Early retirees must ensure they have adequate insurance coverage, including health, life, and disability insurance. Insurance serves as a safety net to protect one’s financial position in case of unexpected events, thus reducing the overall risk profile.
- Hedging techniques: Utilize hedging techniques, such as protective puts and covered calls, to minimize potential losses from adverse market movements. Controlling risk with options can be an effective strategy for those aiming for early retirement.
By adhering to these risk mitigation strategies, individuals can confidently pursue early retirement options trading strategies. Careful planning, disciplined saving, and astute investment decisions will help ensure a prosperous and secure early retirement.
Cash and Withdrawal Strategies
When planning for early retirement, you must consider cash and withdrawal strategies to ensure your retirement savings last throughout your lifetime. One popular method is the 4% rule, which provides a guideline for determining a safe annual withdrawal rate. By adhering to this rule, retirees can withdraw 4% of their portfolio in the first year and then increase the withdrawal amount each subsequent year to account for inflation.
The 4% rule has established itself as a benchmark due to its simplicity and effectiveness. However, some financial experts argue that a more flexible approach may better suit individual needs and market conditions. Understanding different cash and withdrawal strategies can help retirees make informed decisions.
Another approach is the dollar-plus-inflation strategy. Like the 4% rule, this strategy involves withdrawing a fixed percentage of your retirement savings in your first year and adjusting the withdrawal amount for inflation in subsequent years.
For example, consider an initial retirement savings of $1 million:
|4% + Inflation
As seen in the table, if your retirees base their withdrawal rate on the 4% rule, they will withdraw $40,000 in their first year and $40,800 (adjusted for a 2% inflation rate) in their second year. This process continues throughout their retirement.
Regardless of which method one chooses, it is essential to consider the relationship between the chosen withdrawal rate and the interest generated by the retirement portfolio. A conservative withdrawal rate may ensure that the retiree’s savings last but may result in a lower standard of living. On the other hand, more aggressive withdrawal rates risk prematurely exhausting one’s retirement savings.
Ultimately, retirees must strike a balance between maintaining their desired lifestyle and preserving their portfolio. By carefully evaluating cash and withdrawal strategies and monitoring their retirement savings over time, early retirees can enjoy financial stability for the duration of their retirement.
Retirement Calculators and Financial Planners
Using Retirement Calculators
Retirement calculators are useful tools to estimate your savings and determine if you are on track for early retirement. These calculators take into account factors such as current savings, investment returns, and desired retirement income to project the amount of savings needed for early retirement. One example is the Networthify calculator that estimates how long it takes to save 25 times your annual expenses based on your savings rate and expected investment returns.
Using retirement calculators can be as simple as inputting some basic financial information, such as:
- Current Savings: The amount you have already saved for retirement.
- Annual Income: Your current annual income, which can be used to estimate future savings contributions.
- Savings Rate: The percentage of your income that is saved for retirement each year.
- Expected Investment Returns: The average annual rate of return on your investments.
Consulting Financial Planners
While retirement calculators can provide valuable insights, consulting a financial planner can help tailor early retirement options trading strategies to your specific situation. Financial planners are professionals who can analyze your financial goals and personal circumstances to provide customized recommendations.
Some benefits of consulting with a financial planner include:
- Personalized advice: Financial planners consider factors such as your risk tolerance, investment goals, and time horizon when providing tailored investment strategies for early retirement.
- Asset Allocation: A financial planner can help you select the appropriate mix of investments, such as stocks, bonds, and options, to ensure you’re well-diversified and on target for early retirement.
- Ongoing financial management: Financial planners can monitor your investment performance and make necessary adjustments to your options trading strategies as market conditions and personal circumstances change.
- Tax-efficient investing: Financial planners can recommend tax-efficient investment strategies, such as using tax-advantaged accounts like IRAs and 401(k)s, to help you save more for early retirement.
In conclusion, both retirement calculators and financial planners play important roles in early retirement planning. While retirement calculators provide a useful starting point for estimating savings needs, consulting with a financial planner ensures you develop a well-rounded and personalized options trading strategy to successfully achieve early retirement.
Accelerated Savings with Options
Options trading can be a powerful tool for accelerating savings and achieving early retirement goals. While traditional investment strategies often focus on long-term growth through stocks, mutual funds, and ETFs, options trading opens up a world of possibilities for the savvy investor. In this section, we will explore how options can be used to increase wealth and ultimately reach the dream of retiring early.
One effective method for utilizing options in this pursuit is through covered call writing. A covered call involves owning a stock and selling call options against it. The premium received from selling the option provides an additional income stream, which can be funneled into retirement accounts or other investments. Leveraging this strategy consistently can lead to impressive returns over time, supplementing the portfolio’s growth.
Another options-based technique is the vertical spread. Vertical spreads involve purchasing and selling two options of the same type (either calls or puts) with different strike prices. This strategy allows investors to profit from the price fluctuations of an underlying asset while limiting the potential loss. By implementing vertical spreads, investors can reduce their risk exposure while still benefiting from potential gains. To learn more about these strategies, visit this early retirement guide on options trading.
When considering options trading for early retirement purposes, proper risk management is crucial. Some techniques to reduce risk include:
- Trading a diverse range of underlying assets.
- Allocating only a small percentage of the portfolio to options.
- Using stop-loss orders to limit potential losses.
It’s essential to note that options trading carries inherent risks, and investors should carefully assess their tolerance for risk before engaging in these strategies. As with any investment, due diligence, and appropriate research are necessary to make informed decisions. For more information on early retirement and strategies that involve options, visit this Forbes article.
In conclusion, options trading has the potential to accelerate an investor’s savings, paving the way for early retirement. By implementing strategies such as covered call writing and vertical spreads, investors can exploit market movements while managing risk. With consistent effort and discipline, reaching early retirement goals through options trading becomes an achievable reality.
Options Trading for FIRE Movement Participants
Covered Call Writing
An investor looking to generate additional income on their existing stock portfolio may consider covered call writing. In this strategy, an investor sells call options on stocks they already own. By doing so, they collect the premium from selling the call options. If the stock price remains below the option’s strike price until the expiration date, the investor keeps the premium and continues owning the stock. The risk, however, lies in the possibility of the stock price rising above the strike price, forcing the investor to sell their shares at a lower price than the current market value.
If an investor is looking to potentially buy a stock at a discounted price or generate income from option premiums, they may try cash-secured puts. This strategy involves selling put options while having enough cash set aside to purchase the underlying stocks if assigned (i.e., the option is exercised). If the stock price remains above the put option’s strike price by expiration, the investor retains the premium without having to buy the shares. If the stock price falls below the strike price, the investor may be required to purchase the shares but will have done so for a “discounted” price when considering the premium received.
Vertical spreads are a popular options trading strategy that involves buying and selling options of the same type (either calls or puts) with the same expiration date, but different strike prices. There are two types of vertical spreads: bull spreads and bear spreads. Bull spreads profit when the underlying stock price rises, while bear spreads profit when it falls. Vertical spreads help manage risk by limiting both potential gains and losses. The maximum profit and loss are determined by the difference in strike prices and the net premium paid or received.
By incorporating these strategies into their investment approach, FIRE movement participants can potentially enhance their portfolio returns, mitigate risks, and achieve their early retirement goals. It’s essential to thoroughly understand and appreciate the risks associated with options trading, and investors should consult with a financial advisor before making any trading decisions.
Managing Withdrawal Rates with Options
Using options trading strategies in early retirement can help manage withdrawal rates effectively. Options, particularly covered calls and protective puts, can be utilized to generate income and protect your portfolio from market volatility.
A common early retirement strategy is the 4% rule, where you withdraw an initial 4% of your portfolio during the first year of retirement. This amount is then adjusted annually for inflation. According to Vanguard, this rule can be combined with options trading to enhance portfolio management.
With covered calls, you sell (write) call options against stocks you own. This strategy allows you to potentially:
- Generate premium income from selling the call option
- Potentially sell the stock at a higher price if the option is exercised
For example, if you have a portfolio of 100 shares of Stock A trading at $100, you can sell a covered call with a strike price of $110. The premium received for the call options can then be used to supplement your yearly withdrawal.
Protective puts serve as an insurance strategy for your portfolio. By purchasing put options, you can hedge against potential downturns in the stock price. This strategy allows you to:
- Limit potential losses associated with stock price declines
- Maintain your stock position if the stock price increases
For example, if you own 100 shares of Stock B trading at $50, purchasing a protective put with a strike price of $45 can protect your portfolio from significant declines in the stock price.
Consistent use of options trading strategies, such as covered calls and protective puts, can help manage withdrawal rates in early retirement. These methods can provide additional income and security, ensuring a more stable retirement journey. Always research and tailor your options strategies to your personal risk tolerance and financial situation, and consult a financial advisor if needed.
Inflation and Its Impact on Early Retirement
Inflation is a crucial factor to consider when planning for early retirement, as it can erode the purchasing power of your savings over time. Understanding how inflation impacts retirement income is essential for maintaining your desired lifestyle during your retirement years.
The most straightforward way inflation affects early retirement is through the gradual increase in prices, which reduces the value of a dollar over time. This directly impacts an individual’s retirement savings, as the cost of living increases, potentially creating a gap between income and expenses. To mitigate the effects of inflation, retirees can adopt investment strategies that aim for higher returns.
One investment approach to counter inflation is to hold a diversified portfolio that includes assets such as equities and alternatives. These assets may generate higher returns compared to traditional fixed-income investments, helping to offset the impact of inflation. In periods of high inflation, incorporating certain inflation-hedging assets can also be beneficial, especially as individuals get closer to retirement (source).
Another strategy is to focus on investments with built-in inflation protection, such as Treasury Inflation-Protected Securities (TIPS) and real estate. TIPS are government-backed bonds that adjust their principal value based on changes in the Consumer Price Index (CPI). This feature allows them to provide protection against rising inflation even though the interest earned on them remains fixed. Similarly, investing in real estate exposes investors to potential capital appreciation and rental income growth, both of which can outpace inflation over time.
To summarize, early retirees should carefully consider the following strategies to protect their retirement income against inflation:
- Diversifying their investment portfolios with assets such as equities and alternatives.
- Incorporating inflation hedging assets.
- Investing in inflation-protected securities like TIPS and real estate.
It is crucial for those aiming for early retirement to continually evaluate their investment strategies, taking into account the impact of inflation on their overall retirement plan. This proactive approach can help early retirees to maintain their desired standard of living throughout their retirement years.
Frequently Asked Questions
What are some effective options trading strategies for achieving early retirement?
Effective options trading strategies for early retirement include long-term ones like covered calls, cash-secured puts, and vertical spreads. These strategies focus on generating regular income while minimizing risk. Additionally, maintaining a diversified portfolio of stocks, bonds, and options can provide a balanced approach. Investopedia offers insights on early retirement strategies and how to make your wealth last.
How can options trading be incorporated into an early retirement asset allocation?
Options trading can be incorporated into an early retirement asset allocation by allocating a certain percentage of your portfolio to trading options. This allows for potential income generation and risk management. It is crucial to maintain a diverse portfolio in addition to options, such as stocks, bonds, and cash reserves. According to Forbes, planning investments and asset allocation plays a significant role in achieving early retirement.
What role do 0 DTE strategies play in early retirement planning?
0 DTE (Days to Expiration) options trading strategies involve trading options with a very short time to expiration, often on the same day. These trades can provide opportunities for quick gains but come with high risk due to the short timeframe and potential for large losses. While some traders may find success with these strategies, they are generally not recommended as a primary focus for early retirement planning due to their speculative nature and unpredictability.
How can leverage impact early retirement through options trading?
Leveraging in options trading allows traders to use a smaller amount of capital to control larger positions, potentially increasing their profit potential. However, it also increases the risk of substantial losses. When incorporating leverage into early retirement planning, it is essential to carefully manage risk and maintain a diversified portfolio. It is also worth noting that IRAs or other retirement accounts generally do not allow leverage, as explained by Charles Schwab.
What is the importance of safe withdrawal rates when incorporating options trading in retirement plans?
Safe withdrawal rates are crucial in retirement planning, as they help determine how much money can be withdrawn from your savings annually without depleting your funds prematurely. When incorporating options trading into your retirement plans, it is vital to factor in the potential income generated by these strategies and adjust your withdrawal rate accordingly.
How does the 4% rule relate to early retirees who trade options?
The 4% rule is a guideline for safe withdrawal rates in retirement, suggesting that withdrawing 4% of your initial portfolio value annually, adjusted for inflation, can help ensure your funds last for at least 30 years. For early retirees who trade options, Forbes recommends saving 25 times your annual expenses before retiring. The income generated from options trading can be factored into your portfolio and potentially help you achieve your retirement goals sooner. However, it is essential to consider the risks associated with options trading and manage your portfolio accordingly.
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